Robert Frank Augur joined the U.S. Army’s Cadet Military Training Corps while in high school. He commissioned at Fort Stevens, Oregon, in 1940. The next month, he went to the Philippines to serve as first lieutenant with the Coast Artillery.
During fighting against the Japanese, an injury cost Augur his left leg above the knee in 1942. The Japanese captured him during the Siege of Corregidor. He spent 33 months as a prisoner of war in Manila, spending two months in the Malinta Tunnel hospital and the remainder of his captivity in Old Bilibid Prison. Throughout his time serving in the field and continuing through his captivity, he kept a notebook, calling it “Uncle Bob’s Black Book”. This journal gives a first-hand account of the life of a soldier during World War II, describing his meals, outlining his expenses, and detailing his surroundings.
After repatriation in 1945, Augur returned to his home in Oregon for a 10-day leave and promoted to captain while recovering in a Utah hospital. In April of 1945, Augur married Anna Anderson, and soon after retired from the Army.
During his service, Augur received a Distinguished Service Cross, Silver Star, Bronze Star, Purple Heart and Prisoner of War Medal. He began his civilian work in the trucking industry, where he remained until his retirement in 1981.
Augur passed away in 2000 at the age of 89.
We honor his service.
More of his story and copies of “Uncle Bob’s Black Book” can be found at http://memory.loc.gov/diglib/vhp/story/loc.natlib.afc2001001.102536/
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Veterans History Project
This #VeteranOfTheDay profile was created with interviews submitted to the Veterans History Project. The project collects, preserves, and makes accessible the personal accounts of American war Veterans so that future generations may hear directly from Veterans and better understand the realities of war. Find out more at http://www.loc.gov/vets/.
Editor: Kailey Miller
Fact checker: Ilyanna Yates